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MUSEUM’S DEAD SEA SCROLLS ARE FAKE

At a time when debate continues to rage over the true origins of the Bible and related scriptures, the news from Washington, D.C. is not good. After months of careful testing, scholars at the Museum of the Bible now admit that 16 fragments once claimed to be part of the Dead Scrolls, are fake.

We were duped, say officials of the museum, which had shelled out millions of dollars for the ancient fragments. Even though the artifacts once spotlighted on the institution’s fourth floor, are made of genuinely ancient leather, the text on them was applied in recent times and manipulated to resemble authentic Dead Sea Scrolls like those found in other museums (ie., Israeli’s Shrine of the Book). All of the fake fragments came from the same source, and were acquired since 2002, a fact which casts doubt on other purported discoveries, including about 70 similar fragments under investigation by Art Fraud Insights, a Washington, D.C. company specializing in such cases.

Despite the major embarrassment for mainstream Biblical scholarship, controversies regarding the authenticity of other recently discovered, and Biblically related, artifacts, continues. The case for a so-called Gospel of Jesus Wife, a small fourth-century papyrus fragment which included the actual word ‘wife’, however, appears to be closed. First brought to light by Professor Karen King at Harvard’s divinity school in September of 2012, the fragment caused major debate, but, King, herself, now acknowledges, it was probably a modern forgery.

Controversial as it may be, the suggestion that Jesus was married, or even had a special relationship with a woman has gained widespread fame thanks, primarily to the immense success of the Dan Brown novel and movie The DaVinci Code. King’s fragment was not offered as proof that Jesus was married, only that some early Christians believed he was. The much-celebrated gnostic gospels—discovered in 1945 near Nag Hammadi, Egypt—contain numerous early Christian references to a special relationship between Jesus and Mary Magdalene. There is even a Gospel of Mary Magdalene. Needless to say, official Christianity has not looked kindly on the gnostic gospels or their implications, now or ever. Early fathers officially proclaimed the teachings of the gnostics to be heresy, and at the time the Nag Hammadi gospels were buried, one could have been tortured and killed just for reading them, which, in all probability, explains why they were hidden, but it does not make them inauthentic.

The primary purpose of artifact fraud would not appear to be any secret religious agenda, but rather, another ancient motive: greed.

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Issue #117
The Search for the Garden of Eden

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The Search for the Garden of Eden

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COULD TALES OF TINY FLYING DINOSAURS BE TRUE?

Could molecular biology be catching up with Hollywood? A new paper, published in the journal Nature, has announced discovery of a tiny dinosaur encased in amber. The event is reminding many of a famous movie.

Steven Spielberg’s Jurassic Park, in 1990 and later in its many sequels, featured DNA taken from mosquito blood, preserved in amber, that was used to clone dinosaurs and to create havoc. Even though the idea sounded plausible enough to the movie-going public, it was dismissed by experts,  as impossible. A few years later though, some have begun to wonder if that judgement might have been a trifle premature. Indeed, a 2014 paper in the Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences reported that the fossil of a blood-filled mosquito had, in fact, been found, not in amber, but in shale. No DNA which might be used for any cloning experiments was found.

In March of 2020  Chinese researchers, Lida Xing and colleagues, discovered in Myanmar, the skeletal remains, including skull, of an actual flying dinosaur the size of a hummingbird, preserved in 99-million-year-old amber. The previously unknown species has been labeled Oculudentavis khaungraae. (https:// www.national geographic.com/science /2020/03/ smallest-ever-fossil-dinosaur-found-trapped-in-amber/)

Most scientific interest appears to be in the unique physical characteristics of the creature. Not much larger than Spielberg’s ‘mosquito,’ it weighs only 2 grams, and is at the very low end of the vast dinosaur-size scale. The titanosaur Argentinosaurus huinculensis, for example, found in Argentina in 1987, is believed to have been over 100 feet long, and to have weighed between fifty and a hundred metric tons.

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Issue #125
Jurassic Soft Tissue

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Jurassic Soft Tissue

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The Fires of Tap O’ Noth

What Did the Ancient Picts Know and When Did They Know It?

Archaeologists from the University of Aberdeen admit being amazed by their latest discoveries at Tap O’ Noth, an ancient Scottish settlement. The virtual iron age metropolis in Aberdeenshire may, at some point, have been populated by as many as 4,000, in about 800 huts, high atop a hill near the modern town of Rhynie. Generally believed to be Pictish, the community has been carbon dated to as early as the third century AD, and, say the scientists, was one the the largest post-Roman settlements ever found either in Europe or the British Isles. (https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-north-east-orkney-shetland-52660032)

Some historians believe King Arthur’s bride Guinevere was a Pictish princess, but the lost Pict people of Scotland have long been considered, though highly artistic, still, quite primitive. That view has been challenged by some recent research, like that at a Pictish monastery at Portmahomack on the Tarbat peninsula in Scotland, demonstrating that as early as AD 500, Pictish artisans and architects were using the ‘golden section’ or ‘golden ratio’ in the building of Christian chapels. Expressed numerically at 1.618, the ratio appears often in nature and has been a frequent tool of sophisticated designers in both ancient and modern cultures.

Yet, with all the amazement over the sheer size and advancement of the site at Tap O’Noth, there is still no believable explanation for one of its greatest mysteries, and, indeed, of many other such hillforts. How was it that so many of their ancient walls, when destroyed, were turned to glass, or ‘vitrified?’ But, they were. Some enclosures in this category are as old as 2500 hundred years, yet the remains of their walls were melted by some—as yet unexplained—heat source, far greater than that of any known furnace for centuries to come.

As recently as 2018, at the vitrified fort of Dun Deardail, researchers from Scotland’s Stirling University claimed that they could now explain how the ancient stone walls became molten and melted. But, critics point out, even though the researchers succeeded in experimentally producing some very hot spots, the spots were relatively tiny, and far short of what would have been needed to generate the massive melting of stone now evident.

The Stirling experiment was the latest to take up the vitrification question, first faced in 1934 by University of Edinburgh archaeologist Gordon Childe. According to researcher Nick Redfern writing for Atlantis Rising Magazine in 2016, Childe and his team “carefully constructed a series of walls that were comprised of fire-clay bricks, timber, and basalt rubble. They then proceeded to place no less than four tons of brushwood, and extra timber, against the walls and set them on fire.” The ultimate result of more than four tons of burning brushwood and extra timber, was, alas, just a few, melted droplets. Obviously, a concentrated, far more powerful, longer-lasting heat source had vitrified the fortresses.

Building on the Childe effort, Dr. Ian Ralston (at Edinburgh University’s Department of Archaeology) undertook, in 1980, an even more ambitious project in northeast Scotland, when he built his own twenty-five-foot-long, partial recreation of a stone fort. In 2004, renowned futurist Arthur C. Clarke described the Ralston experiment on his Mysterious World television series. “Professional dry-stone wallers toiled for days to build the wall of rock laced with timber,” which was set alight. “After several hours and many tons of wood, a load of old furniture has to be commandeered from the local dustman, as the only way to keep the temperature up. Later, another consignment of wood, the sixth of the day, arrives to keep the fires burning. As night falls over Aberdeen, weary helpers begin to realize the true extent of the mystery of the vitrified forts, to wonder not only how the fort builders could achieve the searing temperatures needed to melt the rock, but how they managed to drag vast quantities of wood up to the tops of the hills with only primitive transport. The morning after … twenty-two hours after the first fire was lit … at first sight, the result looks disappointing. There are no ramparts of fused stone. The search is now on for any rocks that have melted” (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PIoYZLZySzI, Arthur C. Clarke’s Mysterious World).

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Issue #132
The Heat of Battle

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The Heat of Battle

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DESIGNING GÖBEKLI TEPE

Does New Research Prove Planning?

Since its discovery in 1994, by German Archaeologist Klaus Schmidt, the vast and mysterious ruins in southeastern Turkey, known as Göbekli Tepe, have posed enormous, and virtually unanswerable questions for mainstream archaeology. Dating to long before its final burial, 11 to 12 thousand years ago, the obviously sophisticated structures of Göbekli Tepe are older—by more than four thousand years—than the commonly accepted age of Stonehenge or the Great Pyramid. In other words, it completely overthrows conventional notions of prehistory—that humans of that period were primitive hunter-gatherers, and nothing more. And, the problems for the standard academic paradigm are not going away. Incredibly, a new study shows that the site was designed in advance, something considered impossible for any hunter-gatherer society.

Israeli archaeologists Gil Haklay and Avi Gopher of Tel Aviv University have established that aligning the centers of the three oldest enclosures (‘B’, ‘C’, & ‘D’) at Göbekli Tepe is a large equilateral triangle (over 65 feet on a side). The clear implication is that all three circular structures were planned–and maybe built–at the same time, thousands of years before the conventionally accepted invention of writing or the wheel. Such an enormous structure, would have required hundreds—if not thousands—of well organized workers. Entitled “Geometry and Architectural Planning at Göbekli Tepe, Turkey,” the new study was published in January, 2020, in The Cambridge Archaeological Journal. Göbekli Tepe’s builders, the authors suggest, must have been guided by some understanding of geometric principles and were capable of applying them to their construction plans. (https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/cambridge-archaeological-journal/article/geometry-and-architectural-planning-at-gobekli-tepe-turkey/2CBAF416E33AFE6496B73710A2F42FF9)

In an April edition of the Israeli newspaper Haaretz, reporter Ariel David commented that “Based on the assumption that such a massive construction project would have been beyond the capacities of the small, non-sedentary groups that usually comprise hunter-gatherer societies, most scholars have assumed that all the circles at Göbekli Tepe had to have been built gradually over a long period of time.” The new evidence of advanced uniform planning clearly contradicts that assumption, but it is not the first such evidence to come to light.

 In his 2014 book, Göbekli Tepe: Genesis of the Gods, British writer Andrew Collins offers one of the most thorough studies available on the topic (“Göbekli Tepe: The Cosmic Connection,” Atlantis Rising Magazine, see page 6). In addition to advanced planning, Collins claims the site also shows strong evidence of  alignment with the stars. A large ‘sighting stone’ with a carved hole, he believes, directs attention from Enclosure D to the northern sky, pointing specifically to Deneb, the alpha star of the Cygnus constellation, traditionally depicted as a swan, or some kind of bird. Indeed, one of the pillars in enclosure D bears the detailed relief carving of a bird, generally thought to be a vulture, next to some kind of sphere.

In 2015 Collins provided still further evidence of great, and entirely unexplained, sophistication at Göbekli Tepe. A tiny artifact—just six centimeters long, two-and-a-half wide, and three-quarters-of-a-millimeter thick—found during routine excavations at Göbekli Tepe, and on display in the Sanliurfa museum, was recognized for its significance by Matthew Smith, a British Telecommunications consultant. Smith pointed out to Collins, that it was a decorated with a representation of twin pillars like those at the center of each of the enclosures and, moreover, noticed, that the design employed a sophisticated three-dimensional perspective technique, not to be invented for another twelve thousand years, when artists of the renaissance, learned how to make their drawn lines converge toward a ‘horizon’ or ‘disappearing point’ in the center of an image, creating the illusion of depth for the observer.

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Göbekli Tepe The Cosmic Connection

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NEFERTITI’S LOST TOMB

Can New Radar Pictures Show Us Where It Is?

Could the long lost tomb of Nefertiti be found soon? Anomalous new radar evidence reported in February by the journal Nature has reignited a firestorm of debate, and revived a startling hypothesis that most Egyptologists had dismissed as dead.

According to reporter Jo Marchant, writing for Nature.com, a new Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) survey indicates the existence, in the Valley of the Kings near Luxor, of a “previously unknown space beyond Tutankhamun’s burial chamber,” (https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00465-y). A then unpublished report, viewed by Nature, and presented to the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) by former Egyptian minister of antiquities Mamdouh Eldamaty, has identified an unknown corridor-like space a few meters from the celebrated Tut burial chamber.

In 2017, the possibility of an unknown chamber adjacent to King Tut’s tomb caused a great deal of excitement. British Egyptologist Nicholas Reeves had argued that lines and cracks in the chamber’s painted walls were evidence of a hidden doorway just to the north of the main chamber, and, he speculated, that is where the mummy of Nefertiti, who some believe acted as co-regent during the reign of Tutankhamun, the son of her husband Akhenaten, might be found. Later that year, intriguing, though it was, the idea was apparently put to rest, when at least one radar survey claimed to rule it out, though some disagreed. Surprisingly, the new Eldamaty discovery points to another previously unconsidered location, but Nefertiti’s remains Reeves still thinks, will eventually be found in the vicinity. Moreover, her chamber, he has said, may be even richer than that of Tut, which has been, until now, the most opulent ever discovered.

Thirty-three centuries ago, Nefertiti was doubtless the world’s most powerful women, and,  possibly, its most beautiful, yet she also remains one of the most enigmatic who have ever lived. Though she ruled jointly with her husband Akhenaten, and left the world its lasting legacy of monotheism, she disappeared suddenly from history and no one has been able to determine exactly what happened to her, or her body.

Discovered in 1922 by English explorer Howard Carter, the tomb of King Tut, yielded artifacts, which, says Reeves, had been hastily assembled, in a way inconsistent with a properly prepared royal tomb. The reason he says, is that chamber was only an antechamber to the previously existing tomb of his step-mother, and co-regent, Nefertiti who used the name Smenkhkare, and was the real power.

With her husband Akhenaten (also known as Amenhotep IV) Nefertiti had helped establish a new Egyptian capitol city, Amarna, and replaced the traditional religion of many gods, led by Amun, with the worship of Aten, the sun-god. After the death of Akhenaten, his followers were scattered and his city destroyed, but, many believe, the traditions and teachings of Akhenaten and Nefertiti were secretly passed down to loyal devotees, who ultimately became known as ‘Israelites.’ The traditions which led to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, it is asserted, were the real legacy of Egypt’s ‘heretic’ rulers.

Some, including Sigmund Freud, have claimed that Moses, who, as the Bible tells us, was raised as an Egyptian, was a follower of Akhenaten. Emanuel Velikovsky held similar views. Author Ralph Ellis (The King Jesus Trilogy), believes that ancient ‘Hebrew’ history is actually thinly veiled ‘Egyptian’ history. The ‘Garden of Eden,’ for example, says Ellis, should be rendered ‘the Garden of Aten’ (a disguised reference to Amarna), and Adam and Eve, were really symbolic representations of Akhenaten and Nefertiti.

Another researcher, metallurgist Robert Feather (Black Holes in the Dead Sea Scrolls) has pointed to the Dead Sea Scrolls as establishing a strong connection with Amarna. The Copper Scroll, which provides detailed directions to, an as yet unfound, ancient treasure, he says, was made from the purest copper and came from an Egyptian mine which he has identified. The scroll’s instructions, he says, do not apply to the temple of Jerusalem, as is generally believed, but rather, with great precision, to long-lost Amarna. The Egyptian connection, he argues, was well understood, and consciously preserved, esoterically by the Essenes of Qumran.

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Issue #116
Hidden Chambers in Egypt?

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Hidden Chambers in Egypt?

 

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Could Nazca Be a Map of the World?

A New Study Makes Some Astonishing Connections

“We live within the ruins of an ancient structure, whose vast size has hitherto rendered it invisible,” wrote the late John Michell in the first edition of his classic 1969 book The View over Atlantis. Across much of the earth, he said, are ancient earthworks and stone monuments built for an unknown purpose, with shared features suggesting they could be part of a worldwide system which he believed served the science of a lost ancient civilization which Plato called ‘Atlantis.’ A mysterious network of long straight lines called “leys,” Michell believed, link the ancient landscape of Britain with counterparts in China, Australia, South America and elsewhere. Now, a new statistical study of a similar vast network of lines inscribed on Peru’s arid Nazca plateau puts Michell’s notions on virtual steroids.

According to independent researchers Frank Maglione Nicholson, Ken Phungrasamee and David Grimason, (nazcasolution.com), the ancient lines and enormous geoglyphs on the Nazca plateau constitute a virtual map of the planet. A “Great Circle Map:,” they call it, “a gnomonic projection with the center of the Earth as its cartographic view point.” Many vectors implied by the positioning of gigantic animal figures laid down by ancient artisans on the desert floor, were projected by the authors to encircle the entire planet. They were then able to show how many coherent patterns connect, not only most of the world’s megalithic sites, but also its significant natural features—including continents, great water bodies, and even volcanos. By using well established techniques of statistical analysis, the authors claim to provide “overwhelming evidence” that their theory is “true.”

Some observers see a parallel between the network postulated in the new Nazca hypothesis and the ‘portolan charts’ of medieval navigators, where radiating lines indicated the direction and distance to particular ports. In 2014, researchers at Utrecht University showed that the portolans revealed sophisticated geographical knowledge derived from unknown, and much older, sources. The ‘portolans,’ it has been speculated, may echo lost source maps from remote ages. Peru’s Nazca plateau, the new study’s authors believe, is a similar project, but on a far grander scale, and from a much earlier period?

In 2000, researcher J.M. Allen attracted some attention by suggesting that the Andean Plateau, of Peru and Bolivia was the true location of Plato’s Atlantis, but possible connections between lost ancient civilizations and South America had been proposed long before. Early in the twentieth century archaeologist Arthur Posnansky, director of Bolivia’s National Museum, applied archaeo-astronomical methods to argue that Tiahuanaco near lake Titicaca in the Andes was built seventeen thousand years ago by a people unrelated to local indian tribes. Poznansky pointed to architectural similarities between Puma Punku and Easter Island, 2,180 miles west of Chile. Both locations, he believed, must have been independently influenced by an even earlier, though much higher, culture.

“The Nazca Great Circle Map Hypothesis,” by  the Nazca Group can be read at http://nazcasolution.com/.

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Issue #124
Nazca’s Lines: The Solar Factor

Issue #124
Nazca’s Lines: The Solar Factor

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2800-YEAR-OLD TEXT NAMES PHRYGIANS OF KING MIDAS

King Midas, legend has it, could turn anything he touched to gold. According to some accounts, that useful ability, ultimately backfired when Midas accidentally turned his daughter to gold. The real Midas, and there was one, may not have had such a touch, but he did leave his mark on history, and now archaeologists in Turkey think a recently discovered, half-submerged stone stelae with strange inscriptions may mark a place where Midas was defeated in battle.

The 2800-year-old stone, was found jutting from the water of an irrigation canal near the town of Türkmen-Karahöyük. Left by artisans from the kingdom of Ol, the inscription was written in the Bronze/Iron age language of Luwian, and translated by scholars from the University of Chicago, including archaeologist James Osborne. Ol, we learn, had just defeated Phrygia, ruled by Midas. (https://phys.org/news/2020-02-archaeologists-lost-city-conquered-kingdom.html)

The story of Midas, however, is more complicated than the legends indicate. In fact, some researchers, like Ralph Ellis connect the ancient Midas family to the European House of Orange and Mary Magdalene (as in, The DaVinci Code). The ‘orange’ is interchangeable with ‘gold,’ one of the reasons Magdalene is traditionally depicted wearing golden or orange clothes and with golden or amber hair.

Ralph Ellis is author of Mary Magdalene: the Princess of Provence and the House of Orange, an E-publication available on the Kindle (Amazon.com), the iPad (the iBookstore), and other outlets.

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Mary Magdalene & the Oranges

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DID BRONZE AGE, BIBLE LAND, TIN COME FROM BRITISH MINES?

Thousands of years before the time of Jesus, artisans north of the Mediterranean perfected a metal alloy made from a combination of copper and tin called bronze. From 3000  to 1200 BC, the Bronze Age would give rise, not only to many marvelous artifacts, as well as writing, and much of what we now call civilization, but, until recently, it has not been entirely clear where all the copper and tin came from. Copper, it has been thought, came from various European mines, though there is evidence pointing to sources in North America. As for tin: the source has been a long-standing mystery. Conventional research has pointed to somewhere in Central Asia, but a new study threatens to change that.

Bronze age tin ingots from a thousand years BC found off the coast of Israel have been shown to be from Cornwall and Devon in Britain. Isotopic data was analyzed by German researchers at Heidelberg University, and the Curt Engelhorn Center for Archaeometry in Mannheim. Other ingots found in Greece and Turkey were also determined to be from Cornwall. The study was done by Dr. Ernst Pernicka and colleagues. The main takeaway: international trading routes 3000 years ago were much more advanced than is generally believed. (https://www.archaeology-world.com/scientists-find-that-tin-found-in-israel-from-3000-years-ago-comes-from-cornwall/)

Naming Cornwall as the source of middle eastern tin, corroborates at least one alternative narrative relating to Jesus. Joseph of Arimathea, identified in the New Testament as the donor of Jesus’ tomb, was also said in church tradition to be a wealthy tin merchant. According to apocryphal sources, Joseph traveled to Cornwall with the teenage Jesus, and returned after the crucifixion to bring the ‘Holy Grail’ and Christianity to Britain.

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Issue #134
Jesus & the Gnostics

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Jesus & the Gnostics

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EXTINCTION EVENT

Cosmic Impact and the Younger Dryas

Evidence published by South African researchers late in 2019 in the journal Palaeontologia Africana offers powerful new support for the once controversial notion that the great megafauna extinction event now called the ‘Younger Dryas,’ was caused by a cosmic impact event (https://phys.org/news/2019-10-hypothesis-asteroid-contributed-mass-extinction.html).

For many years ‘catastrophists,’ such as German scientist/engineer Otto Muck, argued that a cataclysmic episode—perhaps a hit from a large meteor or comet—about 12,000 years ago led to the destruction of an advanced civilization on Earth, while killing off the woolly mammoths, and sending humanity back to the stone age. From the Bible to Plato, innumerable ancient accounts have described immense catastrophes, but, until recently, academic science has rejected the notion that anything like that could have happened on Earth for at least millions of years. But, then, in 2018, the discovery of an enormous crater beneath the Hiawatha glacier in Greenland offered  long-sought evidence of an impact that could have destroyed any civilization, including Atlantis, that might have existed then. According to Plato, the lost continent went down around 12,800 years ago, the same time we now assign to the Younger Dryas event.

At a site called Wonderkrater in the Limpopo Province, north of Pretoria, South Africa, a team, led by Professor Francis Thackeray of the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, discovered that samples taken from a 12,800-years-old deposit of peat brought up from the bottom of ‘White pond,’ showed significant anomalous traces—a “spike”—of platinum.

“Our finding at least partially supports the highly controversial Younger Dryas Impact Hypothesis (YDIH),” said Thackeray, observing that meteorites are rich in platinum. “We seriously need to explore the view that an asteroid impact somewhere on earth may have caused climate change on a global scale, and contributed to some extent to the process of extinctions of large animals at the end of the Pleistocene, after the last ice age.” In North America, South America, and Europe, many mammals vanished from the fossil record at the time.

Though avoiding any mention of lost civilization, the researchers concede that, in the Younger Dryas, even human populations may have been affected by cosmic impacts, albeit indirectly. In North America, for example, a dramatic termination of the stone tool technology of the Clovis people was noted. The abrupt end of much more sophisticated societies of that time, like Turkey’s Gobekli Tepe, remains a mystery.

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Issue #122
What Ended the Ice Age?

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What Ended the Ice Age?

 

 

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The Strange Case of the Disappearing Stars

‘Dyson Spheres’ and the Case for  ET Technology

The case for advanced extraterrestrial technology has gotten stronger, even as it becomes less visible. As incredible as it may sound, a new astronomical survey shows that over the last seven decades, scores of stars have, it would seem, mysteriously vanished. In the meantime, the mystery of ‘Tabby’s Star’ (KIC 8462852) remains unsolved, and some astronomers are now conceding the possibility that we may have stumbled upon, maybe many, of what might be called ‘Dyson Spheres.’

In his 1937 novel Star Maker, science fiction writer Olaf Stapleton envisioned an unbelievably advanced ET civilization with energy needs so great that it must capture the entire energy output of a star, and, to do the job, it engineers a kind of vast spherical lantern shade. The idea was later seriously considered by theoretical physicist and mathematician Freeman Dyson, who inadvertently gave it his name. The search for a ‘Dyson Sphere’ has continued to the present day.

Then in 2015, strange irregular blinking, or intermitent partial shutdowns of KIC 8462852, a star in the Cygnus region, 1500 light years from Earth, was spotted in data from the Kepler Space telescope by astronomer Tabetha Boyajian. So far, no satisfactory natural explanation—from planetary collisions to cometary anomalies—has been offered. And now,  suddenly, the plot has thickened.

By comparing photographs of the sky taken as much as 66 years apart (1950 to 2016), startled astronomers have discovered that at least 100 stars have inexplicably disappeared. The new study: “Our Sky now and then−searches for lost stars and impossible effects as probes of advanced extra-terrestrial civilizations,” is published in the Astronomical Journal and led by Beatriz Villarroel of Stockholm University and Spain’s Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (https://arxiv.org/abs/1606.08992). Nothing in conventional astronomical theory, however, can account for such disappearing stars.

Before the new discoveries, speculation about the existence of such an enormous stellar structure as a Dyson Sphere, had been considered strictly ‘science fiction,’ unless you count the work of physicist Paul La Violette, who has argued that the emitters of regular and powerful electromagnetic bursts, known a pulsars, may actually have been first created as navigational beacons for an ancient spacefaring civilization. For such a civilization, a ‘Dyson Sphere’ should be a piece of cake, but still, a lot to chew on.

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Issue #122
Mega Engineering in the Stars?

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