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Echoes of Lemuria

After years of traveling along the western shores of America and across Polynesia, the reality of a former high civilization—man-kind’s first civilization—gradually revealed itself in the numerous traditions of numerous tribal peoples I collected. This lost homeland was known to various population groups by different names, but the most commonly encountered were “Mu” and “Lemuria,” which came to a sudden end in the distant past when “fire from heaven” precipitated first a global conflagration, then a world-class flood. For example, New Zealand’s Maori preserve the memory of Rongo-mai, a war-god who long ago attacked the world in the guise of a comet. After decimating humanity, he transformed himself into a gigantic whale, which sank into the sea.

This myth is not only descriptive of the final destruction of Mu, but also remarkably similar to Lemurian versions on both sides of the Pacific. The ancient Chinese Huainanzi relates that a gargantuan whale, symbolic of a large island, perished in the Sunrise Sea after the beginning of time when “a broom-star” (an extraordinarily large and brilliant comet) appeared in the sky.

Meanwhile, the Koryak, Kamchadal, and Chuckchee Indians of coastal British Columbia recall Quikinna’qu, “the first man” and only survivor from an island that had been transformed into a whale by the Thunderbird. To escape attack from its talons, the whale dove to the bottom of the sea, drowning everyone on its back except Quikinna’qu, who floated on a log to what is now Vancouver Island. There he married an indigenous girl, whose children became the tribes of the Pacific Northwest.

The Haida likewise told of a killer whale upon whose back mankind first resided, until it sank beneath the waves under savage attack from the sky. Many drowned, but some floated to the shores of British Columbia, where they became the ancestors of today’s native peoples, referred to as the Killer Whale people. Significantly, the whale-island was remembered as “Nammu.”

These flood stories are retold in oral tradition and preserved in the famous wooden obelisks erected by various native Pacific peoples of western Canada. However, these tall structures were not worshiped as idols, but are more accurately defined as heraldic monuments symbolically depicting the lineage of the family before whose home or lodge they stood. The poles “read” from the top, signifying the remote past, usually ending with a portrait of a recent, the latest or current head of the household at the bottom. As the totem pole specialist, Edward Keithahan, made clear, “These myths cannot be read in the strict sense of the word. Rather, it should be said that they may be recognized, for they contain nothing more or less than a system of memory devices which, taken in their proper sequence, will recall a myth.

The legends of these totem carvers are principally made up of tales of migrations, the flood, inter-tribal wars and early contacts with white men. All groups have accounts of a flood that inundated all of the land save the highest peaks. The story is the inspiration for several totem poles, notably the Bear totem mortuary pole of the Nanyaayi at Wrangell and the Devil’s Thumb pole of the same place.”

In Northwest Coast myth, a bear led survivors of the deluge to the shores of British Columbia. The Devil’s Thumb post was sacred to the Talqoe-di tribe, because it was meant to have been a stylistic representation of Talth Qua Na Sha, the holy mountain on which their forefathers found refuge from the flood. More commonly positioned at the top was an effigy of the Thunderbird grasping Nammu in its talons, thereby boasting of a family’s allegedly antediluvian descent. The same whale was famously portrayed on the front of Chief Johnson’s house, in Alaska, and as a large petroglyph at the Hetta Inlet. Haida belief held that the souls of persons who drowned at sea joined the Killer Whale people in their ancestral home on the ocean floor.

The first totem pole was introduced by Alaska’s Kaigani Haidas, originally from Langara Island, and their story of its Lemurian origins was paraphrased by Keithahan: “The birthplace of the totem pole is a sunken land where hilltops become islets, and mountains rise sheer from the water’s edge. Its valleys are bays and inlets, while its farmland is presently inundated.” A Haida folk story recounted how some fishermen went down to the beach early one morning long ago, when they were surprised to find a waterlogged totem pole floating in the tide. They took it to their village, where it was recognized as a post from one of the Killer Whale people’s undersea temples.

Thereafter, the Northwest Pacific Coast inhabitants erected carved poles after the example found by the fishermen. Their first post-deluge post was set up on Dall Island, at Cape Muzon, whose name memorialized the lost Motherland. James Churchward, who published the first books about Mu, concluded in 1926, “these legends and carvings on the totem poles strongly confirm the fact that the forefathers of those Indians came from Mu.”

Refugees arriving from the cataclysm were depicted in local myth as fair-skinned, red-haired seafarers who took wives among the ancestors of the Indians. This legendary portrayal seems borne out by the natives themselves, who exhibited a high incidence of white characteristics that perplexed early European visitors. British explorer, George Dixon, marveled that an indigenous woman of Yakutat he saw in 1787 “had all the cheerful glow of an English milk-maid and the healthy red which flushed her cheek was even beautifully contrasted with the whiteness of her neck her forehead so remarkably clear that the translucent veins were seen meandering even in their minutest branches—in short, she was what would be reckoned handsome even in England.”

The following year, another British visitor, John Meares, said the Nootka women of Vancouver Island “not only possessed the fair complexion of Europe, but features that would have attracted notice for their delicacy and beauty in those parts of the world where the qualities of the human form are best understood.”

In 1817, Camile de Roquefeuil, a French navigator, said, “We saw several men and a greater number of women whose complexion differed from white only by a tinge of pale yellow. The greater number of Indians have black hair, the remainder have a light red.” Among the Kaigani Haidas, who originated totem pole construction after discovering the first example, “red hair is still quite common,” according to Keithahan.

These anomalous physical traits appear to be genetic traces of Killer Whale people who, as stated in native myth, arrived on British Columbian shores after the inundation of their homeland. So too, in stories of a Great Flood repeated throughout Oceania the survivors are often, if not usually, characterized as light-skinned and red-haired. Native tradition and a mixed racial legacy combine to offer persuasive evidence on behalf of survivors from Lemuria in western Canada.

Many Northwest Coast accounts identify the lost realm of the Killer Whale people as Dzilke. Also known as Dimlahamid, its story is preserved by the We’suwet’en and Gitksan in northern British Columbia. For many generations, they recall, the inhabitants of Dzilke prospered and spread their high spirituality to the far corners of the Earth. In time, however, they yielded to selfish corruption and engaged in unjust wars. Offended by the degeneracy of this once-valiant people, the gods punished Dzilke with terrible earthquakes.

The splendid “Street of the Chiefs” tumbled into ruin, as the ocean rose in a mighty swell to overwhelm the city and most of its residents. A few survivors arrived first at Vancouver Island, where they sired the various Canadian tribes. Researcher Terry Glavin, relying on native sources, estimated that Dzilke or Dimlahamid perished around three thousand five hundred years ago, the same period assigned by geologic evidence for the final destruction of Lemuria.

Similar versions are known down the west coast and into the American Southwest. California’s Chemehuevi and Mohave Indians believe Hawichyepam Maapuch was responsible for keeping the Great Deluge from totally obliterating all life on Earth. The sea goddess spared the last two creatures, Coyote and Puma, who sought refuge at the summit of Charleston Peak. As the flood receded, they descended the mountain to repopulate the world.

The Yokut creation myth of southern California tribe recounts that mankind originated on an island in the middle of a primeval sea, where Eagle and Coyote fashioned the first men and women. The Maidu, another California Indian tribe, told of Talvolte and Peheipe, the only survivors of a natural catastrophe that destroyed their earthly paradise after its inhabitants, grown corrupt, had offended heaven.

The Lemurian identity of this lost homeland is suggested in Mu-ah, Shoshone for “Summit of Mu,” a sacred mountain in California, which may have been chosen by Lemurian adepts for the celebration of their religion, and regarded as holy ever since by native peoples. So too, Pimugnans, the original name of coastal southern California’s Gabrielino Indians, echoes the same sunken civilization.

Mythographer Joseph Wherry cites a native myth that told of Hokan-Siouan origins: “In the dim and distant past, the forebears of many California Indians lived on an island somewhere in the Western Ocean. This island was Elam, and they worshiped the powerful god named Mu.” Like Haida stories of the Great Deluge, the Hokan-Siouan version includes a bear as flood-hero.

Patkinya-Mu was the Hopi “Dwelling-on-Water Clan” whose members anciently crossed the Great Sea from the west. Flood refugees in North America, known as the Patki, or “Water people,” were met by Massau, a native guide, who directed them to what is now southern California, Arizona, Nevada and New Mexico, where they could live in peace. The only object the Patki were able to save during their haste to escape from their sunken homeland was a stone tablet broken at one corner.

A great prophet, Massau, envisioned that some day in the distant future a lost white brother, Pahana, would deliver the absent fragment, thereby signaling the beginning of a new age, when brotherhood would again prevail upon earth. Over the millennia, the stone was in the special care of the Fire Clan. When their representative gave it to a Conquistador in the 1500s, the Spaniard did not reciprocate as expected, so the Hopi continue to wait for Pahana. He is remarkably similar to Pakeha, a name bestowed by New Zealand natives on the first modern Europeans they met in the late 18th century. It derives from the Pakahakeha, the Maui version of an ancestral sea people, a white-skinned race from the sunken kingdom of Haiviki.

Coastal Peru is no less rich in native traditions of the Lemurian catastrophe, as recounted in the Yurukare Indian story of Tiri. It tells how their ancestors hid in a mountain cave during two worldwide cataclysms that destroyed a former age. A fire that fell from the sky, followed by an all-consuming deluge, killed all other humans. Tiri alone of all the other deities took pity on the survivors of a sinful mankind by opening the Tree of Life, from which new tribes stepped forth to repopulate the world. According to Churchward, Mu itself was known as Tau, the “Tree of Life.”

The Motherland’s name lived on in the identity of a great people, the Chimu, who raised a powerful civilization, Chimor, that dominated the Peruvian coast from circa A.D. 900, until their defeat by the Incas during the late 15th century. The capital, Chan-Chan, lies just north of Trujillo, and was founded, according to Chimu historians, by Taycana-mu. His superior, who ruled a kingdom in the Pacific Ocean, had sent him on a culture-founding mission.

Another important Chimor city was Pacatna-mu, christened after an early Chimu general who became the regional governor. The so-called “Palace of the Governor” at Chan-Chan features a wall decorated with a frieze depicting a sunken city, i.e., fish swimming over the tops of linked pyramids. The scene memorializes the drowned civilization of Mu, from which the ancestors of the Chimu—literally, the “Children of Mu”—arrived on Peruvian shores after the catastrophe.

The foregoing hardly represents a thumbnail sketch of the abundant evidence for the former existence of lost Lemuria and its lingering impact on the folkish consciousness of Native Americans, from the Arctic Circle to Peru.



Lemuria, it is said, perished in cataclysm of fire and water

Stylistic depiction of the Thunderbird-comet destroying Nammu, a killer whale symbolizing a lost, ancestral homeland in the Pacific. Close-up of Nimkish totem pole (Vancouver Island, British Columbia).

Ritual costume impersonation of “Raven,” one of several “flood-heroes” who saved Haida ancestors from the Great Deluge

Restored Tlingit totem pole at Japan’s Mu Museum (Kagoshima prefecture). It represents the Thunderbird (comet) pouncing on the Pacific Motherland (encircled star emblem).

Ancient Mysteries

March/April 2005 – #50

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Who Were Adam & Eve?

Having already looked deeply into the biblical texts, and discovered many hidden meanings and messages that radically altered the standard interpretation of history and theology, I thought it was about time I looked at the story of Adam and Eve. My previous books, Jesus, Last of the Pharaohs and Solomon, Falcon of Sheba, have demonstrated that the Israelite leaders were actually pharaohs and priests of Egypt, and that much of Israelite theology was derived from the theology of the ‘heretic pharaoh,’ Akhenaton.

But I had always considered that the Adam and Eve story from the beginning of Genesis would have been totally impossible to reinterpret, as the narrative and genealogies from this early part of the Bible are too fragmented and confusing to provide a verifiable history. However, during my many investigations into the history of the Israelites, I had begun to see that there were many similarities between the Hebrew and Egyptian languages. As I progressed in my research I built up a dictionary of some 250 words that were identical in both pronunciation and meaning, and it was to be this new insight into the Bible that solved the Genesis mystery. Surprising, as it may seem, these identical words littered the Book of Genesis and demonstrated to me that the early sections of the Bible had originally been written in Egyptian. Taking the translations direct from the Egyptian, instead of through the Hebrew, gave a slightly different slant on the narrative, and a clearer picture of the true meaning of Adam and Eve eventually emerged.

But even from within the Hebrew-English translation there was novel evidence to be found. Take the location of the Garden of Eden, for instance—exactly where was this fabled arboretum? Historians and theologians confidently place the Garden between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in modern Iraq, as the Bible seems to specifically mention these two rivers. Well, actually it does not mention these rivers at all, for in the Hebrew original the names of these rivers simply mean ‘rapid’ and ‘fruitful’ respectively. So what does the Bible actually say about these rivers? Well, the relevant text is: And a river went out of Eden to water the garden and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. [Gen 2:10]

The meaning of this sentence could not be clearer if it tried. What we are looking for is a great river that flows through a garden, or oasis, and then divides into four heads, or branches. There is only one river in the Middle East that does exactly this, and that is the Nile. The Nile flows through the long, sinuous garden of the irrigated lands of Egypt, and then it divides into the two branches of the Nile Delta. However, in ancient times there were as many as six branches in the Delta, and by the New Kingdom era there are reputed to have been four branches. Clearly, the Book of Genesis is saying that the Garden of Eden was originally located in Egypt.

So what did the term ‘Eden’ infer? It is my contention that Eden can also be pronounced as Aden, and that this name was derived from the god Aton, which can also be spelled as Adon. It is from the god Aton (Adon) that the Hebrew god Adhon was derived, and I believe that it is also from the Aton (Adon) that the Biblical Garden of Eden (Aden) was derived. But if this is so, then we are quite possibly linking the Garden of Eden with the city of Amarna, the city of the ‘heretic pharaoh’ Akhenaton. It was Akhenaton who promoted the Aton into the state god of Egypt, it was Akhenaton who was probably pushed out of Egypt on an Exodus, and it is Akhenaton who I have already identified as being the brother of the biblical Moses. In my opinion, Akhenaton and his brother, TuthMoses, were one and the same as Aaron and his brother Moses.

But in the book Jesus, Last of the Pharaohs I have already identified Akhenaton with the Exodus event from Egypt. How, in that case, can Akhenaton also be present at the beginning of the Genesis story in the Garden of Eden? As it happens, the Egyptian translation of the Adam and Eve story places a different emphasis upon this creation epic. Instead of being a tale of the creation of the world, it seems that Genesis was actually a story about the dawn of a new day. Indeed, this is exactly what the historian Josephus indicates—that Moses said it was just another day.

When looked at in this light, it suddenly becomes clear that the ‘creation epic’ is actually the same as Akhenaton’s Hymn to the Aten—his glorious celebration of the dawn of a new day. It is likely that the Hymn to the Aten was sung to greet the dawn (the beginning) of each new day, and this has been confused in a later era with (the beginning) of all creation. Thus when god was supposed to be creating birds and allowing them to fly, the birds were actually waking from their sleep and greeting the Sun-god Aten, as the Hymn to the Aten relates. Indeed, the birds were doing this in the Garden of Eden (Aten) at Amarna.

So if the Garden of Eden was located at Amarna, then what of Adam and Eve? The first thing to note is that Adam and Eve were primarily famed for being innocently naked in their idyllic garden, but when they were finally banished from this garden, they became embarrassed by their nakedness and were forced to cover up. This, I believe, is a direct allusion to the fate of the Amarna couple. Yes, Akhenaton and Nefertiti initially floated through their beautiful palaces at Amarna in a state of near nakedness, with scene after scene portraying the royal couple in see-through diaphanous robes or even completely naked.

However, when Amarna was destroyed and the royal couple were forced to flee, (there is no evidence for their deaths at Amarna), they would have been forced out into the big wide world of sailors, artisans and farmers. Their usual nakedness, which seemed so respectable and befitting in the court of Amarna, would have looked positively indecent in a rural village or town. There was nothing else to do except to cover up!

Adam’s name translates as the Red Man, and I have taken this to be a reference to the Red Crown of Lower Egypt, which was the traditional power base of the Hyksos pharaohs, who I have closely identified with the Israelites. Thus the term Adam simply confirmed that Akhenaton’s dynasty was primarily from the Delta region, which we already know. So it is possible, but not conclusive, that Adam was Akhenaton himself.

But what of Eve? This section of the research was interesting, because there were many elements to Eve’s attributes that seemed to point towards Eve being Nefertiti, which would make a great deal of sense. However, I then noticed an epigraphic connection. Eve’s Hebrew name was Khavah, meaning ‘life.’ However, an alternative rendition of this was Khiya, which also means ‘life.’ As it happens, the second wife of Akhenaton, a lady who was often called his favourite wife, was Kiya. This, together with other evidence, convinced me that Adam and Eve were actually Akhenaton and Kiya. Thus it is entirely possible that Akhenaton eloped with his favorite, Kiya, and left Nefertiti to become pharaoh under the name of Smenkhkare.

This radically new identification might appear to lend the Book of Genesis a rather tortuous chronology, but in actual fact things are not quite as bad as they may seem. The opening verses of Genesis are simply a slightly garbled version of the Hymn to the Aten, but enmeshed within this there are also a few fleeting details of the life of Akhenaton and Kiya. They are included at this juncture for two reasons. Firstly, because the theology of the Israelites was based upon Akhenaton’s (Adam’s or Aaron’s) Atonist faith. Secondly, because like Adam and Eve, Akhenaton and Kiya were the ‘First Couple.’ This term did not infer a chronology; rather it inferred a position within society, just as the American president’s wife is called the First Lady.

Following the opening few verses about Akhenaton and Amarna, the Book of Genesis then regresses to tell the story of the early Hyksos pharaohs, who were named as Abra-ham (Pharaoh Mam-Aybre) and Jacob (Pharaoh Jacoba). It is only when we reach the account of Exodus, which is a completely separate document penned by a different author, that we again see the mention of Akhenaton. Here, the Akhenaton is called Aaron, and his brother TuthMoses is called Moses. This second mention, like the Garden of Eden story, confirms that Akhenaton and TuthMoses were involved in an exodus out of their idyl at Amarna, and were forced to find an alternative ‘Promised Land’. The Bible confidently asserts that this new land was Jerusalem in Israel, but I am not so sure that this is correct. The historian Manetho suggests instead that their initial destination was Avaris (Pi Ramesse) in the Nile Delta. They then moved to Jerusalem, but what is actually meant by this term?

The original name for Jerusalem was Jebus, and I rather think that this referred instead to Tchebet, which is a name for Tanis in the Nile Delta. This would mean that the biblical Zion (Jerusalem) was actually the biblical Zoan (or Tanis). Unfortunately for the modern Zionists of Israel, they may well be seeking to establish a Judaic homeland in the wrong location and the wrong country. It may also be true that the Knights Templar were also looking in the wrong location, and that the secrets they sought beneath the Temple of Solomon (Hebrew: HeyKar Yahweh), may still reside under the Temple at Tanis (Egyptian: HetKar Ptah).

© 2004. R. Ellis has asserted his rights, in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 to be identified as the author of this work. Taken from Eden in Egypt (UK ISBN 09531913-9-7, USA ISBN 1-931882-40-1) by Ralph Ellis.

Ancient Mysteries

March/April 2005 – #50

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Ancient Egyptian Thoughts & the Brain

Many impediments face us modern people who wish to gain a correct (if incomplete) understanding of the thought of the Ancient Egyptians (AEs). The greatest of these is our own consciousness. Our consciousness is not merely different from that of the AEs, it is diametrically opposed to the consciousness of those philosopher-scientist-priests whose enigmatic teachings we wish to comprehend. The gap is so profound, the rift so broad and the unwillingness of our own consciousness so pervasive that few brave the pounding seas of a consciousness in transition in the uncertain hope of reaching safe harbor in new, uncharted mental lands and processes. Yet nothing less is necessary.

Very few of us are exempt from this circumstance. And, ironically, it frequently falls upon those who become our scientists to be the most influenced: they are more fully educated in the current worldview and are required to gain detailed information about some aspect of the natural world they then hope to study impartially. In short, we are all, but they even more so, herded—or at least guided along a path trod by nearly everyone in the same society.

Astute readers will recognize the above process as the development and maintenance of a paradigm. Such a culturally accepted, basically unexamined collection of attitudes and notions, ascribed to collectively by a society, limits the range and variety of thinking acceptable within it. Societies do not want to question themselves any more than do individuals.

So it should not surprise us that a well-educated, diligent, prudent and dedicated neuroscientist (who was my teacher and whom I highly respect) would write in a journal, “The Egyptians reached the nadir of concern for the brain. Compulsively punctilious in care for the immortal soul and its future accouterment, their god-kings (12), bejeweled and entombed in gold, withered phallus erect, viscera embalmed with careful prayer, set off for the journey to the Nile of the sky with their brains discarded heedlessly like a shameful vomit on the sand.” An eloquent, metaphorically rich condemnation, based upon the accepted views of the British and the University of Chicago Egyptologists.

Another neuroscientist of note, tracing brain research’s history, wrote, “We know that the Egyptians thought that the heart was the most important organ in the body, the seat of the mind, and the center of intellectual activities.” Here again, a superficial understanding also founded upon the work of current Egyptologists, who are members of the same societal paradigm but not the same scientific discipline.

How could it occur that members of a scientific discipline can so readily accept such an idea, that these ancient thinkers, whose writings and works have occupied intelligent, inquisitive people, literally, for thousands of years, could err so egregiously about the location of their own mental activities? Has not every adult thought the mind to be “in” the head and that in some way the brain is associated with it?

Interestingly, the direct, uncomplicated answer to the first question makes clear the constriction in mental operations that initially led to the misconceptions: the AE teachings state clearly that human nature consists of two intelligences, not one. The one, commonly used and presumed by most to be the only one, they termed the “cerebral intelligence.” (CI) The other one, caused to wither and recede by improper education, disuse, indoctrination and social-paradigm-transmittal, they called the Intelligence of the Heart. (IH) Associated with each intelligence is a consciousness that, we may say, emerges from it. These are two consciousnesses that oppose one another. According to AE teachings, CI manifests clearly identifiable attributes, as it performs its role in the life of “its” organism that influences the character of its own consciousness.

Firstly, CI consists of the brain and spinal cord, both encased in bone, and called the central nervous system (CNS). Additionally, there is situated alongside the spinal column and inside the body cavity a linear array of nerve fibers that go to (innervate) the organs and glands of the body and regulate its every activity. It’s called the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Completing the CI are the peripheral nerves that innervate the body musculature, the joints and the skin. Where precision is necessary, nerve endings are more numerous. Every aspect of body physiology can be modulated.

The CNS may aptly be described as three, rather than one brain. The term, “reptilian” brain, used by some writers to name the lowest brain, results in a confusing as well as incorrect emphasis. The AEs referred to it as the “automatic” brain and G. I. Gurdjieff labeled it the “moving-instinctive” brain, which is apt and accurate. In it, the lowest part of the brain and the entire spinal cord, genetically transmitted, are all the basic body movements native to a species, the intrinsic reactions to internal and external stimuli of every kind. There are hundreds of reflexes in humans, many involving only the spinal cord. Instinctive behavior patterns are built up from them and, as reflexes, are automatic.

The goal of this lowest brain is to produce and maintain a feeling of “physical well-being,” which is generated by structures in the feeling brain. That feeling we’ve all seen manifested in the comfortable, satisfied face of a warm infant, puppy or kitten. This feeling is of a lesser nature than, for instance, what one may feel when one’s close friend succeeds at a difficult task.

The organism’s needs, not merely for food, water, warmth and so on, but also for activity, satisfactory stimulation, play, and interaction are made known to the brain by its peripheral nervous system. That system conveys deficits and surfeits to the brain, which acts according to the natural appetites that motivate the organism.

The third and uppermost brain consists of the cerebral cortex, the gray matter (neuron cell bodies) that covers all the rest of the brain. It may properly be called the “thinking” brain. However, it is this brain that acquires and maintains all the restrictions, indoctrinations, attitudes and psychological limits that, in toto, comprise the societal paradigm as well as the individual barriers to the higher consciousness the AEs said was available and proper to humans.

The entire CNS and especially this portion of it is dedicated to maintaining a status quo, established in the daily process of growing up. That is, it is a habit-forming machine of exceptional breadth, effectiveness and durability. This is the consciousness that emerges from CI. According to AE thought, we all have this individual “prison,” comprised of the particular influences in our own lives plus the societal ones, from which we must escape as an early step toward full humanhood. This, by the way, is a prodigious task, not free of pain: CI does not relinquish control willingly.

The thinking brain is also the manifesting agent of a person’s many egos. We have a different ego for each of the roles we play: the husband, father, worker, sportsman, worshiper, friend, writer, hobbyist and so on. So many egos, say the AEs, do not know one another and will behave quite differently. Our egos and the ego-based consciousness of CI do not experience reality directly and cannot reproduce it correctly. This state of ordinary humanity is, again, inimical to complete human consciousness and we must strive to transcend it in ourselves, the AEs taught.

The AEs symbolized the final result of this effort, i.e. one who had perfected oneself to the point that his or her ego had been placed in abeyance, subservient to the Intelligence of the Heart. The symbol is the diadem (e.g., Tutankhamun’s) that visually “cuts off” the crown of the wearer’s skull. Early Christian statues and paintings exist depicting this state. One of these is Nicodemus, his bent arms extended forward from the elbow, holding the crown of his skull in his hands.

According to AE thought, the body with its brain constitutes “animal man” or the “automaton.” Gurdjieff used the term “machine.” This automaton has its uniqueness, its personality, just as does a pet cat or even a gerbil. The automaton thinks (although it doesn’t properly reason), is affected by a broad range of emotional states, enjoys or dislikes things. It behaves by producing reactions to stimuli arising from without or within and is generally powerless to resist these. Its currency is these sensations that automatically produce a reaction. Some may find the thought offensive, but humans as automatons are, really, inferior to animals, which are as they ought to be. Neither is aware of itself, neither “reflects on things” and both are controlled by their respective CIs, which is inappropriate for humanity. Few of us would accept the term automaton as descriptive of ourselves.

It is of interest to point out and important to realize so as to appreciate the AE teachings, that nothing of man-as-automaton survives bodily death. No rising of the body from the grave occurs, nor a reunion of it with anything. This is not to say that some aspect of a person may not survive this death: it may. On the other hand, that which may survive and that which does survive bodily death are not what in Christianity and other religions of this era referred to as the “soul.” But that subject cannot now be discussed.

The AEs ascribed many attributes to CI. However, because we think by means of it and our egos are offended when we hear (or read) them, we may dispute these characteristics or reject them as untrue. That this would occur is foretold within the AE framework: true knowledge, they said, can be gained only individually and comes at a price that few are willing to pay. Consider.

The automaton is unaware of its indoctrination and conditioning. Indoctrinated into a “consume beyond your means” attitude, Americans owe an average of $8000/household in credit card debt; many take 30-yr. mortgages for 95% of a house’s value and thousands buy cars on six-year loans. These are not practices followed in countries worldwide and are anathema in countries such as Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and others where prudence is a societal value.

Exposed to a negative emotional atmosphere in childhood, an individual’s CI becomes used to it. Despite the unpleasant consequences, such a person can easily live the rest of his or her life in this negative emotional cloud: unconscious, i.e., conditioned suffering is a resistant habit acquired by one’s CI. After all, if therapeutic progress were easily made, the many thousands of therapists would have no work. Most people think they are normal and “choose” not to confront their automaton.

Raised in a society where insects are feared and loathed, a person will not ordinarily eat one. But offer some money (as in the Fear Factor program) and some people will voluntarily overcome their disgust. Most prohibitions in a societal paradigm are more important but no more rational than that one.

A great many people are highly sentimental, even maudlin about some (but not all) animals. But the AEs taught that this apprehension is misplaced: nature has no concern for any individual living creature. Isha Schwaller de Lubicz stated it thusly: “Sentimentality is the result of a spurious relationship with nature.”

The CI of people who grow up in an atmosphere of haste, continual background sound or noise, excess stimulation, ubiquitous anxiety, meaningless jabber on endlessly ringing cell phones requires that in adulthood. In fact, ever-increasing degrees of it will be required to satisfy the CI’s insatiable appetite and they’ll become increasingly anxious without it. This is the age of anxiety, and CI produces anxiety, both directly and indirectly. To see unadulterated anxiety, watch a chipmunk or a squirrel.

Another CI attribute is its inertia and fundamental indigence. This leads to mediocrity and a relentless deterioration of individual competence and societal values. The AEs, the Schwaller de Lubicz’s and Gurdjieff, too, used the term “involution” to describe this phenomenon, which Michael Cremo recently has called “devolution.” This explains why people today are less literate than they were 50 years ago, why children aren’t taught to write (vs. print), why fewer and fewer can calculate in their “heads” and why students at every level learn less than in earlier generations, and come to think that education is simply the accumulation of information. It clarifies the “materialization” of our language, where everything is considered to be an “amount” and ideas and processes increasingly referred to as “things.”

The rise of mundane and merely utilitarian speech and the growing ignorance by the entire populace of the rules of grammar of our own language is such that grammatically correct speech and the subtleties it makes possible has become a rarity. And this lethargy of the CI makes understandable the rampant loss of descriptive vocabulary in which many words (e.g., “graph, bar-graph, figure, table”) are all replaced by one inaccurate term (e.g., “chart”) or the increasing misuse of words, some with especially important meanings (e.g., “myth,” now used as incorrect idea, lie or misconstrued statement.)

This brief enumeration of CI attributes and examples demonstrates that the AEs understood the lower nature of humanity. But a final characteristic and worldwide example justifies mention.

CI lacks an appreciation of the complexity, the interrelatedness and the subtlety of the natural world in which we live. We do not realize the impact of our activities upon it. It may be demonstrated, easily, that modern humanity has despoiled the earth to an incomprehensible degree, making it less hospitable to all forms of life. The ecological damage has become so pervasive, that in our own belated estimation, we now threaten our own survival.

In truth, if the AE teachings are valid (and the evidence supports that they are), then we need to gain an understanding of the problem. (As Dr. Phil often correctly opines, “You can’t fix a problem you don’t admit.”) We need to work to understand the automaton in ourselves and begin to modify its behavior.

Each of us is empowered to engage in the struggle to become aware of the automaton within us by the presence in ourselves of the other human intelligence, the Intelligence of the Heart. Once the automaton is known, we can begin to become humans in a fuller sense by reducing reliance on acquired habits that do not serve our long-term best interest.

This is a process that requires time, diligence, courage, resolve and some luck. Courage, resolve and diligence are spiritual qualities, not of the automaton. Where they are manifest, assistance will come. This, too, is an AE teaching.

Ancient Mysteries

March/April 2005 – #50

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National Secrets

The reviews are in for National Treasure, Hollywood’s take on the esoteric origins of America, starring Nicholas Cage. The critics hated it, but the good news is, the public loved it.

The story centers on Ben Gates (Cage), a descendant of one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. The signers, it seems, may have left more than a blueprint for Democracy on the Declaration. America’s founders, led by freemasons, had, the movie suggests, hidden an actual treasure, indeed, the legendary treasure of the mysterious Knights Templar. Originally established during the crusades, the actual Templars were reputedly wiped out in the 14th century by the French King Philip the Fair in league with the church of Rome. To this day Freemasons consider themselves to be the heirs of the Templars. The treasure, though, according to historical accounts, had its origin even before the Templars are said to have carried it home to France from Jerusalem after the crusades. Only a handful of men (which the film purports included the founding fathers), it is said, once knew of the treasure, and only by correctly interpreting many mysterious signs and symbols could its location be uncovered. In the movie, the most important clue is a map on the back of America’s most sacred and protected document, the original Declaration of Independence.

That the reaction of critics goes against popular opinion should come as no surprise, but it is interesting to examine just why they chose to pan such an overwhelmingly popular film.

One critic argued that no “serious historian” has ever believed that there was a “Templar treasure.” We beg to differ.

The Templar treasure is no myth. Strong evidence of its existence was part of actual court testimony in at least one Templar trial. In contrast to their French counterparts, British proceedings against the Templars never took on a hysterical tone. The English trials, in fact, were quite orderly and free from the fantastic accounts of devil worship and spitting on the Cross, which had become familiar features of continental trials. Even the use of torture was minimal and, then, only as a result of pressure from the church and the French king.

In England, the record reveals that knowledgeable and influential figures testified that, just before the Friday 13th, 1307 raid, which destroyed their organization, the Templars had been warned of the king’s warrants. It is no secret that before the raid the Templars had served as virtual world bankers receiving deposits of treasure from the rich in many locales and issuing payments on demand drawn on those deposits in other locations. While scholars may question the existence of the Templar treasure, it is clear that the raiders of their strongholds failed to find it. This begs the question: what actually happened to the vast deposits, which the Templars certainly held. According to the testimony, upon receiving warning of the pending raids, the knights feverishly loaded all valuables in their care onto a hastily assembled wagon train and then quickly and quietly transported the immense horde—the holdings of what was then the only bank of the world—to the French port city of La Rochelle. There the treasure was loaded onto ships of the Templar fleet—the largest in the world.

From there, many believe, the fleet sailed to the one place a fugitive order could find protection—the independent nation of Scotland where the upstart king Robert Bruce had been excommunicated for declaring his country’s independence.

The outlaw order seeking protection, and the outlawed nation in sore need of ships and knights established a mutually rewarding relationship. Very soon, at the greatest battle in Scottish history, Bannockburn, the fugitive Templars proved their value. Just as English forces appeared to be sweeping the field, a fresh cadre of knights charged from the forest and routed the enemy. It was the feast day of St. John, patron saint of the Templars, destined to remain the date of their last great victory in the field. They soon went underground, masking their true identity behind the Masonic mask.

When James VI of Scotland was crowned King James II of England, the Scottish family at the heart of the Templars, the Sinclairs, was rewarded with the title and responsibility of “hereditary guardians” of Freemasonry. The honor would be confirmed again in 1601. The Sinclairs had protected the treasure since it had been brought to their estate at Roslyn, and would protect the order as well.

In the fourteenth century, as anti-Catholic sentiment had led to attacks on churches and the destruction of long-preserved relics, it is believed that the Sinclairs had become concerned over possible threats to the immense but secret treasure in their possession. Once again—almost a century before Columbus crossed the Atlantic—the vast cache was moved, this time, apparently, to Nova Scotia.

In most of America, the story of the first Sinclair voyage to the New World in 1398 is taken lightly. Not so in Nova Scotia, where in Guysborough, a statue of Henry Sinclair remains a testament to belief in the voyage. Further corroboration comes from maps and charts from this early Atlantic crossing which were used by Gerardus Mercator in preparing his own maps and by Martin Behaim in producing his globe.

The second criticism of National Treasure was that there is no evidence of any treasure ever being pinpointed by secret symbols placed strategically for others to follow. Wrong again.

Once the Templar treasure was safely stashed in a massive vault complex deep underground on a small island in Mahone Bay, Nova Scotia, the Sinclairs built the Roslyn Chapel. Carved in stone on Masonic pillars in the church are depictions of American maize corn and aloe. A hidden vault beneath the chapel long concealed the resting-place of Sinclairs who had fought as Templars. Skull and bones, the markings on tombs, signified that the only bones were needed for Resurrection. Crossed legs meant they had been Templars.

Across the ocean there were still more clues. Oaks were planted on what would be called Oak Island to distinguish it from the other small islands in the bay.

Today the island has become a focus of sensational worldwide media speculation over the purpose of a gigantic and, as yet unexplained, shaft, of which the full contents remain a mystery.

The “Money Pit”

For fifty years, two men who do not see eye-to-eye have owned Oak Island. Fred Nolan, a surveyor, discovered numerous symbols including a ten-foot equilateral triangle with a cross in the middle. Before anyone could decipher its meaning Nolan realized it was part of an even larger triangle. Within that area he found drilled rocks with metal ringbolts, and a heart-shaped rock within another smaller triangle. Another formation was made up of ten-ton granite boulders, again forming a cross with the intersection being a skull-shaped rock showing evidence of artificial construction.

David Tobias owns the other side of the island—location of the notorious “Money Pit.” Excavation of the shaft began before 1800 with the discovery of flagstones at a three-foot level and then every ten feet a layer of oak planking. Beyond ninety feet an elaborate booby trap has persistently flooded the shaft and thwarted the dreams of treasure hunters for more than a century. Even after it was learned just how the shaft was flooded, the advanced hydraulics of the ancient builders have continued to defy the modern excavators.

Is there a treasure-laden vault under the small island? Both men still believe there is, and despite their advanced age, continue to work toward getting it to surface. Tobias is considering a new proposal for a massive shaft that will miss nothing in expanding the original “Money Pit” shaft. The price tag would be $15 million, adding considerably to the $5 million he is said to have already spent. Nolan too, has brought in his son-in-law and recently purchased a nearby island and the treasure rights.

Oak Island’s Money Pit, though, is not the only potential repository of wealth and secrets in the Americas.

Virginia’s Bruton Vault

In colonial Williamsburg, Virginia lies the Bruton Vault. It too is connected to a secretive group with connections to the Templar-Masonic heritage. The vault itself is in one of the most visited American family destinations.

Here the original settlement has been restored and developed into a major park. For many it is a great alternative to the hustle of nearby Six Flags, and an opportunity to get a sense of American history for young and old. Few know that it conceals an unusual secret, but one no visitor will ever see.

The secret is that more than one of the most significant items reputed to be part of the Templar treasure may have been hidden under the original Jamestown Church. These items are believed to include works by Sir Francis Bacon, as well as the Ark of the Covenant, said to have been brought to France by the early Templars from Jerusalem. What could these celebrated artifacts be doing there?

The fact is, the history of the English colonial program has been altered, largely to fit into an acceptable orthodox framework. The true history borders on the bizarre.

Perhaps the greatest secret influence behind the persuasion of Queen Elizabeth to join the French and Spanish in racing to the New World was a mysterious man by the name of Dr. John Dee. The mysterious Dr. Dee was a magician and an astrologer as well as a scientist on the level with the great Copernicus. His tricks of levitation, experiments with alchemy, and his magic mirror brought suspicion on him. He was booted out of school for actually levitating items on stage during a school play. For a while he was even forced out of England. But he did come to have the Queen of England as his protector. When Elizabeth took the throne, she relied on his ability to read the stars and to see the future, calling on him to choose the date and time of her coronation.

His influence on the Queen and the history of England is both incalculable and rarely mentioned. He coined the term Britannia, planned the Royal Navy and convinced Elizabeth that sacred England owned the seas. He also convinced her that she was a lineal descendent of Arthur who went westward when he suffered his possibly mortal wounds. As a result of King Arthur’s voyage to the west, Dee argued, England and the Queen had the right to America. She granted him a patent to all the lands north of the 50-degree-line.

If it had just been England’s ‘mad monk’ influencing Elizabeth, the country might not have taken the course in did in the history of the New World but Dee had Sir Francis Bacon in his corner. Bacon wrote of the New Atlantis and urged Elizabeth along.

The new colony was to be founded by the Virginia Company. Named ostensibly for England’s Virgin Queen, it had less to do with her than with a virgin goddess older than Christianity. The flag of the state of Virginia shows the goddess Athena (also known as Minerva to the Romans) holding a sword and spear standing with one foot on the chest of her vanquished enemy. Athena, the Goddess of Wisdom, was nicknamed the Spear-Shaker, a war goddess like Poseidon the Earth-Shaker.

Even operating under the permission of the Queen, Bacon and others envisioned a world where monarchy and religion had no power. While other adventurers and merchants joined the bandwagon, colonization for Dee and Bacon was a divine mission. Bacon’s writings on the subject of such an Arcadian paradise were a long-held theme in war-torn Europe. To keep the Queen as his patron he wrote under the name of a butcher’s apprentice, William Shakespeare.

While this might come as news to many, the Bacon-as-Shakespeare controversy is centuries old. The mystery of how an illiterate butcher’s apprentice could have written on so many subjects—from law, to science, medicine and history—without the advantage of ever having owned a book has led many to suspect that he served as a “beard” for someone else.

Within the confines of a brief article it is impossible to cover the subject fairly, but suffice it to say, four hundred books have been written on the topic, and authors have included Benjamin Disraeli and Walt Whitman.

The original Shakespearean manuscripts, it is said, as well as some other Bacon texts, were brought to America. Francis Bacon didn’t survive long enough to enjoy the lands granted to him, but his family was well represented. In 1676, however, the Bacon family found itself at odds with Virginia’s government. It was, after all, a royal colony and Bacon represented an anti-government philosophy.

In the year of Bacon’s Rebellion, as the history books recall, the contents under the Jamestown Church were moved and placed in a ten-by-ten-foot vault twenty feet below the tower of the Bruton Parish Church. Nevertheless, despite the efforts, legal and borderline illegal, of modern researchers and groups, the secrets of the vault remain secure—at least for now.

The Knights of the Golden Circle

It is over a century since an impoverished parish priest in Rennes-le-Chateau, France tracked clues to an astonishing amount of money (a case made famous by the books Holy Blood, Holy Grail as well as The Da Vinci Code) but much more recently, American treasure hunters have followed signs and symbols to caches of money hidden across the south and even in the west. National treasure? Not exactly, as the stashes were part of a plan to keep the Confederacy alive during, and even after, Lee surrendered at Appomattox.

Researchers Warren Getler and Bob Brewer describe a series of esoteric graffiti that includes reference to Biblical passages, dates, and coded letters, all serving to signal the way to secret stashes. The small hordes were buried by groups of Masons, and Knights of the Golden Circle, a group whose members were often recruited through Masonic Lodges.

Hidden in Plain Sight

While National Treasure was confined to two hours, the film did manage to make references to some deeper secrets. On the desk of Abigail Chase was David Ovason’s book, The Secret Architecture of our Nation’s Capital. While it is known that Washington was laid out according to Masonic geometry, Ovason points out that there are numerous zodiacs built into both the plan of the city and many buildings.

One of the most intriguing clues in National Treasure is found on the back of the one-hundred-dollar bill. The clock-tower points to a certain time in the day, indicating its shadow will give the next direction. Here the movie makes a mistake. The treasure hunters had first thought they missed the critical moment, and then figured daylight savings time meant they were just coming up on the moment. Daylight Savings time, however, had been proposed by Franklin, but was not yet in effect when Independence Hall was built.

The meaning of that critical time remains a secret.


Steven Sora is the author of several books on esoteric history including Lost Treasure of the Knights Templar, Secret Societies of America’s Elite, and The Lost Colony of the Templars.

Alternative History

March/April 2005 – #50